List of the Rivers That Flow in Jammu and Kashmir
The Himalayas serve as a mesmeric backdrop to the exquisitely tantalizing state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is home to numerous ice-fed glaciers, meandering lakes and blue bleached rivers that majorly originate from the Himalayas. Rivers like Tawi, Indus, Chenab, Jhelum and Ravi are the most important rivers running across the state and the longest ones amongst them that are of Himalayan origin are Chenab, Jhelum, and Indus. Most of these rivers support waterborne activities like river rafting, boating, etc.
The river Indus originates at the Mansarovar Lake in Tibet while the river Jhelum originates from a magnificent spring called “Chashma Verinag” and river Chenab rises from the South-East and Bhaga from the North-West of the Baralacha pass. These important rivers along with the other rivers of the state are discussed in detail below:
• Indus River:
The Indus River that originates at the Mansarovar Lake in Tibet is one of the important rivers in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The basin of the river is well-known for its diversity of magnanimous flora and fauna. The banks of the river are home to lofty mountains and deodar and pine forests and the overall length of the river is 1,980 miles or 3,180 km.The river is an extremely outstanding location for adventure sports like whitewater rafting.
• Jhelum River:
The Jhelum River that originates from a magnificent spring called “ChashmaVerinag” situated at the foot of the PirPanjal in the south-eastern part of the valley of Kashmir, is another important river that runs across the state and ultimately dispenses into the Indus River. The river is a popular tourist itinerantdestination predominantly for the nine historic bridges on it. The river has a number of dams and canals such as theRasul Barrage, the Mangla Dam and the Rasul-Qadirabad Link Canal, the Chashma-Jhelum Link Canal, etc. respectively.
• Chenab River:
Chenab River rises from the South-East and Bhaga from the North-West of the Baralacha pass. It was known as Chandrabhagato the Indians in the Vedic period. The Chenab River is about 960 km long and touches both the nations, India and Pakistan. The waters of the Chenab areallocated to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.
• Dras River:
The Dras River originates from the Machoi Glacier near Zojila Pass, the gateway to Ladakh. The river is a branch of the Suru River and is 86 km. long. It flows entirely in the Dras Valley. The largest settlement on the banks of the river is Dras, which is the second coldest populated place in the world after Siberia.
• Markha River:
Markha River is an important river in Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir. It is a tributary of the Zanskar River and the Markha Valley is one of the most popular trekking routes in Ladakh.The Markha Valley is home to a number of monasteries like TamcheGompa, etc. The Markha River typically lies within Hemis National Park.
The other rivers in the state include Lidder River in Pahalgam, Zanskar River in Ladakh, Dras River &Suru River in Kargil, Nubra River and Shyok River in Ladakh, etc. The whole state of Jammu and Kashmir is immensely alluring to the eye and thus attracts lakhs of tourists to the chilly land. It is because of this that the competition between the online Kashmir tourism sites is increasing and Kashmir tour packages are available at the lowest affordable prizes to attract more number of customers and break any existing monopolistic chains.